2014年4月5日星期六

Eye drop 滴眼液 & Eye Ointment 眼药膏

还记得小时候,滴眼液的时候,妈妈总会要我躺在地上,当眼液滴入眼睛,便要我不断地眨眼睛。那时侯,我不懂,所以也只是跟着做,但是进了大学,上了课,才发现自己所做的是大错特错的。接下来我要解说的,你或许认为是常识,但是对一个病人而言却未必是。所以,身为一名药剂师,我们可以教育我们的顾客该如何使用滴眼液。

如何正确滴入滴眼液:
1。先洗手,以免经手接触引发感染。
2。坐着或躺下。
3。好好地摇动瓶子以混合药物。
4。头部向后仰望上看。
5。用食指轻轻拉下眼睑,呈一袋状。
6。把眼药瓶嘴持在眼睑附近,但却不让其动到眼球或眼睑。
7。准确点入眼药水进结膜穹窿内。闭上眼睛,不可以眨眼,并用手指轻轻按压眼内角鼻泪管处几分钟,以减慢药液的排掉。
8。用纸巾将流到眼睛周围未被吸收的眼药水或泪水擦拭干净。
9。若需要点入更多滴眼液,请隔几分钟再点入。

Administering Eye Drops:
1. Wash hands thoroughly.
2. Sit or lie down.
3. Shake suspensions (cloudy liquids) gently before use.
4. Tilt head back and look upwards.
5. Gently pull down the lower eyelid to form a pouch.
6. Hold the bottle dropper near the lid, but do not let the tip of the bottle touch the eyes or skin.
7. Put one drop into the pouch.
- Try not to blink, but close the eyes gently and do not rub them.
- Apply gentle pressure with a finger against the inner corner of the eye (over the tear duct) for a few minutes. This increases the effectiveness of the medicine by reducing the amount that is drained from the eye.
8. Blot excess solution around the eye with a tissue.
9. If putting more than one drop into the eye (of the same or different preparations), separate each drop by several minutes. This will prevent drops being washed out of the eye and might increase the amount of active ingredient that is absorbed.

涂眼药膏的步骤和滴眼夜是有些不同的:
1。先洗手,以免经手接触引发感染。
2。坐着或躺下。
3。用食指轻轻拉下眼睑,呈一袋状。
4。将药膏挤进下眼袋内,注意眼膏管不要触及眼球或眼睑。
5。眨眨眼。
6。若需同时点眼药水和眼药膏,应先点眼药水后隔再抹眼药膏。

Administering Eye ointments
1. Wash hands thoroughly.
2. Sit or lie down.
3. Gently pull down the lower eyelid to form a pouch.
4. Squeeze a small amount of the ointment (about 1 cm length) along the pouch, but do not let the tip of the tube touch the eyes or skin.
5. Blink several times to spread the ointment.
6. If drops are being used at a similar time of day, use the ointment last.

注:Eye ointment 可能会造成blurred vision,所以较适宜晚上睡前使用。

最后,别忘了告诉你的顾客,眼药瓶子上的有限期限不是你可以使用这个药物多久。因为担心细菌繁殖的关系,眼药水通常在打开瓶子后的四星期,就得扔掉,不该再使用。当然,在药剂房,也有些眼药水是在开后六个月都可以使用的。所以,若不确定扔掉日期,可以向药剂师询问。

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